‘Industry’ – More than Just a Word
Dr. Vinaya Bhosale*, 1088 B/3, Himmat Villa, HKM Path, Model Colony, Shivajinagar, Pune, India – 411016.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 15, 2019. | PP: 01-06 | Volume-4 Issue-3, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C0435114319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.C0435.114319
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The term “industry” which is a part of almost all spheres of contemporary life was firstly defined in independent India in “section 2 (j)of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947” in a manner which was envisaged as inclusive of all the concepts fitting for that era. Now as the present-day India has tremendously progressed by industrial as well as technological revolution, the term “industry” has got versatile and multi-faceted aspects which were not foresighted by the original definition of the term in “section 2 (j) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947”. Over the period the term “industry” has been deciphered by numerous benchmark judgments by the Indian judiciary, but the Constitutional Bench in “Bangalore Water-Supply and Sewerage Board v. R. Rajappa and Others 1978” has surpassed all by its profound and penetrative interpretation which the Government of India adopted as standard, and amended section 2 (j) though “the Industrial Disputes Amendment Act, 1982”. Howsoever till the present-day the amended Act is still not notified; hence the definition of the phrase “industry” goes by the original Act of 1947 only. The present paper aims to view the judicial progression of the term “industry” and attempts to grasp exactly what is meant and implied by it.
Keywords: Industry, Industrial Revolution, Bangalore Water-Supply, Employer-Employee Relationship