Depicting Contemporary Affixes To Generate Students’ Linguistic And Communicative Competence
R. Kunjana Rahardi
R. Kunjana Rahardi*, Master Program of Indonesian and Literature Education, Faculty of Teachers’ Training and Education, Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 15, 2019. | PP: 15-22 | Volume-4 Issue-3, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C0410114319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.C0410.114319
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This brief article focuses on the various affixes and their categories in the contemporary Indonesian language. The data were collected by applying the technique of taking notes and the technique of recording. The collected data were then classified, deciphered and analyzed by applying the distributional method. The results show that there are eight prefixes in the Indonesian language, namely ‘ber-, meN-, di-, ke-, per-, peng-, se-, ter-‘; two types of suffixes, which are the regular suffixes of ‘-an, -anda, -i, -kan, -wan/wati, -in, -at’, and foreign suffixes of ‘-isasi, -asi, -or, -ee, -e, -isme, -logi, -tas’; four infixes, which are ‘-el-, -em-, -er-, and -in-‘; confixes of ‘ke-an’, ‘ber-an’, ‘per-an’, ‘peng-an’, and ‘se-nya’; as well as two simulfixes of ‘member-kan’ and ‘memper-kan’. The results of this study are certainly useful in the following matters: (1) to complement the traditional description of Indonesian language morphology, (2) to develop Indonesian linguistic studies. This study has limitations because it has not been able to describe the types of affixes contextually. The subsequent study is suggested to base the data taken from such authentic texts so that the results of the study can better describe the use of affixes in a more tangible context.
Keywords: Affix, morphology, linguistic perspective, contemporary Indonesian language