Real-time forecasting of COVID-19 prevalence in India using ARIMA model
Sitaram Pandey1, Amitava Samanta2
1Sitaram Pandey*, Department of management, Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribagh, India.
2Amitava Samanta, Department of commerce and management, Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribagh, India.
Manuscript received on June 04, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on June 13, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 78-83 | Volume-4, Issue-10, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: J09730641020/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.J0973.0641020
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Corona virus disease (COVID -19) has changed the world completely due to unavailability of its exact treatment. It has affected 215 countries in the world in which India is no exception where COVID patients are increasing exponentially since 15th of Feb. The objective of paper is to develop a model which can predict daily new cases in India. The autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models have been used for time series prediction. The daily data of new COVID-19 cases act as an exogenous variable in this framework. The daily data cover the sample period of 15th February, 2020 to 24th May, 2020. The time variable under study is a non-stationary series as 𝒚𝒕 is regressed with 𝒚𝒕−𝟏 and the coefficient is 1. The time series have clearly increasing trend. Results obtained revealed that the ARIMA model has a strong potential for short-term prediction. In PACF graph. Lag 1 and Lag 13 is significant. Regressed values implies Lag 1 and Lag 13 is significant in predicting the current values. The model predicted maximum COVID-19 cases in India at around 8000 during 5thJune to 20th June period. As per the model, the number of new cases shall start decreasing after 20th June in India only. The results will help governments to make necessary arrangements as per the estimated cases. The limitation of this model is that it is unable to predict jerks on either lower or upper side of daily new cases. So, in case of jerks re-estimation will be required.
Keywords: COVID -19, ARIMA, Daily new cases, Short-term Prediction.