An Impact of Default Risk and Promoters’ Holding on the Dividend Policy in the Firms in India: Evidence using Panel Data
Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu1, Jagjeevan Kanoujiya2, Shailesh Rastogi3
1Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu*, Ph.D. Scholar, Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Pune; Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India.
2Jagjeevan Kanoujiya, Ph.D. Scholar, Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Pune; Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India.
3Dr. Shailesh Rastogi, Professor, Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Pune; Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India.
Manuscript received on January 09, 2022. | Revised Manuscript received on January 27, 2022. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2022. | PP: 12-18 | Volume-8 Issue-6, January 2022. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.F1420018622 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.F14200.018622
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Dividends, as a policy is still a matter of debate. This situation is due to both, lack of consensus in the literature and self-evolution of corporate finance worldwide. Therefore, this study is an attempt to provide insights of the contemporary dividend policy and its driving forces. We collect the panel data from 78 non-financial Indian firms from BSE-100 (BSE-100 is a leading index of Indian companies by Bombay Stock Exchange) from 2015-2019. We decide to test how dividends are driven by default risk, ownership concentration (OC) and profitability of the firms. Profitability is used as moderator to the association of default risk with the dividends. We get startling evidence that OC and profitability do not influence the dividends policy in the firms in India. Default risk negatively impacts the dividends. However, the absolute value of the coefficient is too small and hence can be ignored. Furthermore, we find evidence that dividends are consistent despite the situation of profitability and OC. This finding is one of the main contributions of the study. We recommend to have differential voting rights (DVR) shares to cater to varying aspirations of different investors. Empirical evidence of findings of the study would be an eye-opener to the managers, which is one of the major implications of the current study. Additionally, change of the policies on the DVR shares is another major implication of the study.
Keywords: Dividends; Ownership Concentration; Profitability; Panel Data; DVR’s
Scope of the Article: Financing Business and Accounting