The Effects of Needs- Based Continuous Professional Development Practice on Teachers ‟ Perception of CPD: Primary Schools English Language Teachers in Focus
Endelibu Goa*, Lecture & PhD, Literature College of Social Sciences & Humanities Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
Manuscript received on April 15, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on April 19, 2021. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2021. | PP: 20-39 | Volume-5 Issue-8, April 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.F1287045821 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.F1287.045821
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study was an attempt to examine the effects of needs- based Continuous Professional Development (CPD) practices on English language teachers’ perceptions. More specifically, the study addressed the following research questions: (1) What CPD activities do ELT teachers need to practice currently? (2)Is there a significant change in EFL teachers’ perceptions following in an intervention design to increase their perceptions about CPD practices? This research work was mainly experimental in design. The purpose of the experiment was to examine the effects of needs- based CPD practices on English language teachers’ perceptions. Pre-test and post-test measures were analyzed using a t-test statistical procedure. In addition, questionnaire, interviews, and FGDs were employed in order to obtain data required for the study. The data gathered through different instruments were subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The study involved five primary schools in Arba Minch. Fifty-two, randomly selected teachers were filled the pre-test and post-test questionnaire. Moreover, 10 teachers from each primary school were randomly selected for interview. Besides, 12 teachers from each primary school were involved in the FGDs in order to gather the necessary data for this study. Different sources were referred for the preparation of the training materials. The effects of need-based CPD practices on teachers’ perception were examined through the pre-test and the post-test. The results of the pre-test showed that there was no significant difference in the teachers’ perception before and after the experiment. The results of the post-test showed that there was a significant difference before and after the experiment in teachers’ perception (P<0.05). On the basis of the findings of the study, it was concluded that need-based CPD practice could have a great value in improving perception. Based on this, conclusions and recommendations were made.
Keywords: Need-based Continuous Professional Development Perception Professionalism.