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Volume-3 Issue-10, June 2019, ISSN: 2394-0913 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication

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1.

Authors:

Iskandarov Eshpulat

Paper Title:

The Influence of the Trade Relationship between China and Uzbekistan under One Belt and One Road

Abstract: One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative is a historical initiative which connects the people over the world and facilitates various opportunities for global peace. The main purpose of this study is to examine the influence of the trade relationship between China and Uzbekistan under one belt and one road. This topic offers a brief evaluation of how dynamism of China- Uzbekistan bilateral relationship may be transformed to synergy necessary for the success of the one belt one road initiative. This study used questionnaire and literature review as the main instrument for collecting primary data. Questionnaire was used because it is convenient method of collecting large amount of data. Also, secondary data that are particularly journal articles, conference proceedings, various documents of government, books, newspaper articles, magazine articles, and various websites of internet have been extensively used to determine the objectives. This study also analyses influences, opportunities, risks and challenges and how to promote trade between China and Uzbekistan associated to OBOR initiative implementation. It suggests that strong coordination among partners of OBOR is necessary to get full fruits of OBOR through supportive law, policy, rules and regulations, proper strategy implementation, transparent procurement system, sincere consideration on political, financial, environmental and social factors. The study will assess influence of the trade relationship between China and Uzbekistan under one belt and one road. China has entered a new stage of its development. The one belt and one road have a fundamental goal of creating transport system which will facilitate access to foreign market and also increase the turnover of goods transported from China to Europe and other countries in Central Asia. This study argues that partner countries and agencies will get economic and political benefits from these initiatives. It facilitates to connect people through road ways, air ways and water ways, coordinating policies of various governments, financial integration through cross border business, productivity and regional energy security. A study of this nature is very important because the researcher believe that it will serve as a starting point to improve and highlight the need for trade relationship between the two countries. This will also help various policy bodies within the two countries to identify the benefit promoting the one belt and one road initiatives. The finding of this study will contribute to knowledge which will be very beneficial to stakeholders. It will also serve as a reference point for research who will be undertaking a research on the same study or related study. 

Keywords: One Belt One Road, China and Uzbekistan relationships, Investment, Trade.

References:

  1. Cheung, F., & Lee, A. (2015). A Brilliant Plan, One Belt, One Road, CLSA.
  2. Shixue, J. (2015, September). Europe and China’s “One Belt, One Road” Initiative’. In 12th Annual Conference on The Taiwan Issue in China-Europe Relations, Shangai.
  3. Friedberg, A. L. (2011)A Contest for Supremacy: China, America, and theStruggle for Mastery in Asia. New York: W.W. Norton
  4. Li, P., Qian, H., Howard, K. W., & Wu, J. (2015). Building a new and sustainable “Silk Road economic belt”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(10), 7267-7270.
  5. Sarker, M. N. I., Hossin, M. A., Yin, X., & Sarkar, M. K. (2018). One Belt One Road initiative of China: Implication for future of global development. Modern Economy, 9(04), 623.
  6. Du, M. M. (2016). China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative: Context, focus, institutions, and implications. The Chinese Journal of Global Governance, 2(1), 30-43.
  7. , M.A., B.A. Snyder, S.W. James andE.T.Oberg. 2016. Evidence for ongoingintroductionofnon-native earthworms in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. BiolInvasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-016-1230-2.
  8. Chua, A.C. (2017) One Belt One Road and Opportunities. http://www.centerforfinancialstability.org/research/Chua_OneBeltOneRoad_7_6_17.pdf
  9. Leverett, F., & Bingbing, W. (2017). The New Silk Road and China’s evolving grand strategy. The China Journal, 77(1), 110-132.
  10. Tolipov, F. (2018). One belt, one road in Central Asia: Progress, challenges, and implications. In Securing the Belt and Road Initiative (pp. 181-195). Palgrave, Singapore.
  11. Hun, B., and Chun, S. (2012) China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment: Location Choice and Firm Ownership. Journal of World Business, 47, 17-25.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2010.10.016
  12. U (2016), ‘Silk Road Economic Belt: frontiers of integration’, in Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies, ed., The Eurasian era, p. 127
  13. Haggai, K. (2016). One Belt One Road Strategy in China and Economic Development in the Concerning Countries. World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(1), 10-14.
  14. Kohlbacher, F. (2006). The use of qualitative content analysis in case studyresearch. InForum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research(Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 1-30). Institutfür Qualitative Forschung.
  15. Thornhill, A., Lewis, P., Millmore, M., & Saunders, M. N. K. (2000). Managing change: a human resource strategy approach. FT Prentice Hall.
  16. Malhotra, N., & Birks, D. (2007). Marketing Research: an applied approach: 3rd European Edition. Pearson education.

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2.

Authors:

Sanchika Modi, Mukesh Chansoriya

Paper Title:

Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Teacher's Performance in Technical Education Institutions of Madhya Pradesh

Abstract: This research paper aims at investigating the impact of emotional intelligence on teacher's job performance in the education sector of Madhya Pradesh. Sample size consists of 166 teachers from universities in the area of Madhya Pradesh. Theories of emotional intelligence proposed by Salovey and Mayer (1989–1990) were used as the conceptual framework and its relationship with the job performance of teachers was examined. Reliability and validity of variables was tested through measurement model of PLS-SEM. The result indicated that emotional intelligence has a significant impact on the teacher's job performance. Key research finding revealed that emotional self-awareness, self-confidence, achievement, developing others and conflict management have a positive and significant relationship with the teacher's job performance.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence; Performance; Teachers; Madhya Pradesh

References:

  1. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (2000). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411.
  2. Befort, N., & Hattrup, K. (2008). Valuing task and contextual performance: Experience, job roles, and ratings of the importance of job behaviors. Applied HRM Research, 8(1), 17–
  3. Bono, J. E., Foldes, H. J., Vinson, G., & Muros, J. P. (2008). Workplace emotions: The role of supervision and leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(5), 1357.
  4. Carmeli, A. (2009). The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes: An examination among senior managers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 18(8), 788–
  5. Corcoran, R. P., & Tormey, R. (2012). Does emotional intelligence predict student teachers' performance?. Teaching and Teacher Education, 35, 34–
  6. Cote, S., & Miners, C. T. (2016). Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, and job performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51(1), 1–
  7. Day, A. L., & Carroll, S. A. (2014). Using an ability-based measure of emotional intelligence to predict individual performance, group performance, and group citizenship behaviours. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(6), 1443–
  8. Diefendorff, J. M., Croyle, M. H., & Gosserand, R. H. (2015). The dimensionality and antecedents of emotional labor strategies. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 66(2), 339–
  9. Fox, S., & Spector, P. E. (2002). Relations of emotional intelligence, practical intelligence, general intelligence, and trait affectivity with interview outcomes: It's not all just‘G’. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21(2), 203–
  10. Gardner, H. (2014). The theory of multiple intelligences1. Teaching and Learning in the Secondary School, 38.
  11. George, J. M. (2010). Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence. Human Relations, 53(8), 1027–
  12. Grandey, A. A., Fisk, G. M., & Steiner, D. D. (2015). Must “service with a smile” be stressful? The moderating role of personal control for American and French employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(5), 893.
  13. Joseph, D. L., & Newman, D. A. (2011). Emotional intelligence: An integrative meta-analysis and cascading model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(1), 54.
  14. Kellett, J. B., Humphrey, R. H., & Sleeth, R. G. (2016). Empathy and the emergence of task and relations leaders. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(2), 146–
  15. Law, K. S., Wong, C. S., & Song, L. J. (2014). The construct and criterion validity of emotional intelligence and its potential utility for management studies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3), 483.
  16. Lowry, P. B., & Gaskin, J. (2015). Partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling (SEM) for building and testing behavioral causal theory: When to choose it and how to use it. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 57(2), 123–
  17. Malik, S. Z., & Shahid, S. (2015). Effect of emotional intelligence on academic performance among business students in Madhya Pradesh. Bulletin of Education and Research, 38(1).

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3.

Authors:

Mukesh Chansoriya, Neha Pachori

Paper Title:

Impact of Organized Retail on the Economy of Madhya Pradesh

Abstract: Purpose of this study is to check the effect of opening of the organized retail stores on the unorganized retail, farmers and consumer. Another objective of my study is to find that how much the economy of Madhya Pradesh, affected by growing of retail sector. The study revealed the changing patterns of the Indian retail industry with special reference to Madhya Pradesh as well as understands the impact of organized retail on the consumption or shopping habits of the consumer in the state of Madhya Pradesh the scope of the study is for new retailer, who wants to invest in retail sector. This study helps to government, as from this study govt. know the growth of retail sector and encourage the investment in this sector, which helps in economic growth. The data is collected through the help of questioner filled from retailers as well as customers. The statistical tools i.e. mean median, std. deviation, regression, kurtosis, skewness used for the evaluation purpose. The study revealed that the Madhya Pradesh retail sector is changing now many retail investor open their retail store and running successfully and some other big players are ready to invest in the retail sector in Madhya Pradesh and the future of organized retail is quite good in big cities but in the cities cognized retail not successful to gain moment.

Keywords: Retail, Economy, Madhya Pradesh, Organized and Unorganized, Perception.

References:

  1. Gulati Ashok, (2012), Challenges to Madhya Pradesh Agriculture in A Globalizing World, Paper based on the presentation given at the policy dialogue on "Challenges to Madhya Pradesh Agriculture in A Globalising World" jointly organized by IFPRI and ICRIER, New Delhi, May 17, 2012.
  2. ICRIER Retail Report (2017), Impact of Organized Retailing on the Unorganized sector Kalhan A. (2017), Impact of Malls on Small Shops and Hawkers, EPW, June 2, 2017
  3. Viswanadham (ISAS Working Paper No. 16 – Date: 9 October 2016) 7 State of Agriculture: Major Crops and Farming Sector.
  4. Singh Lakhwinder and Varinder Jain (2016), Unorganized manufacturing industry in the era of globalization: A study of Madhya Pradesh, MPRA Paper No 197
  5. ShabnamShaoni and Paul Bino (2018), Employment in Retail Sector: A comparison of unorganized and organized retail in India, Adecco TISS Labour Market Research Initiatives, Discussion Paper 7.
  6. Sreejith A and Raj Jagathy (2012), Organized Retail Market Boom and the Indian Society, paper based on presentation at the International Marketing Conference on Marketing & Society, IIM Kozikode, India.
  7. T. Kearney Report (2013), Growth Opportunities for Global Retailershttp://www.atkearney.com/shared_res/ pdf/GRDI_2007.pdf
  8. Chauhan, S. (June, 2016) Foreign Direct Investment in Retail: Bane Or Boon Available at SSRN < http://ssrn.com/abstract=912625>
  9. Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Report (2015), Retail Scenario in India:
  10. Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj report (2017),India Retail The Geography of Opportunity TheIndia50<http://www.brusselexp ort.be/index.cfm
  11. Kalhan A. (2014), Impact of Malls on Small Shops and Hawkers, EPW, June 2, 2007http://indiafdiwatch.org/fileadmin/India_sit/EPW_study_on_impact_of_malls_on_retailers .pdf
  12. Stanley Report. (2016) India Economics. The Retail Revolution Part. I – The Macro Story. <http://www.ibef.org/download/RETAILPTIFNL. pdf>

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4.

Authors:

Hamdan Abderrahim, Tiskar Malik, Aouane el Mahjoub, Benahmad Chaimaa, Chaouch Abdelaziz

Paper Title:

Groundwater of the Tanoubart Water Table in the Region of Rabat-Salé-Kenitra

Abstract: Environmental concern presupposes a certain fundamental dynamism aimed at protecting ecosystems from all types of pollution and improving environmental management. The objective of our work is to determine the degree of pollution of the water table of Tanoubart of Rabat -Salé -Kénitra region (Morocco). During the period March 2017 / June 2018, two companions of groundwater sampling were carried out at the level of the wells located in rural areas, these samples were analyzed according to the water quality assessment techniques described by Rodier (1978, 2009) and the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). The physicochemical analysis has shown that the wells studied have high concentrations to the standards recommended by WHO (1994) and by Morocco (Moroccan Standard, 1991) and poses a serious problem of direct consumption.

Keywords: Groundwater, Quality, Wells, Physico-chemistry, Polution.

References:

  1. MADSEN EL., GHIORSE WC (1993).- Groundwater microbiology: subsurface ecosystemprocesses. In : Aquatic microbiology: an ecological approach.  FORDT.E. ( Publisher ), Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 167-213.
  2. BALKWILL, D.. L. Reeves, HR, DRAKE, g., REEVES, JY, CROCKER, FH, BALDWIN, and KM BOONE, DR (1997) phylogenetic characterization of bacteria in the subsurface microbial culture collection. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 20, 201-216.
  3. MAYR E. (1974). Populations, species and evolution. Hermann, Paris, 496 pp.
  4. DZEDA B., KAISER M., MACH S. (1998).- Bacteria and groundwater.Soil and Groundwater Pollution. Civil Engineering Dept., Virginia Tech. http://www.cee.vt.edu/  programareas / environmental/teach / gwprimer /bacteria. html.
  5. VAN ELSAS JD, HEIJNEN EC (1990) .- Methods for the introduction of bacteria into soil.Biol . Fertil . Soils, 10, 127-133.
  6. FENCHEL T. (2001) .- Microorganisms (microbes), role of. Encyclical. Biodiversity, 4, 207-219.
  7. HAACK, S. K and BEKINS, BA(2000)- Microbial populations in contaminant feathers. Hydrogeology journal, V ( 8), No. 1, P.63-67.
  8. HENDRY, M. (2006).- Extremophiles : there's more to life.  Environmental  Chemistry ,  3, 75-76.
  9. CHAHLAOUI.A, BENGOUMI. D and EL MOUSTAINE R. (2013a). Effect of climatic and anthropic conditions on the variation of the water quality of certain wells in rural environment, case of the water table of the plateau of Meknes (Morocco). ScienceLib Editions Mersenne: 5 (131004) ISSN 2111-4706.
  10. CHAHLAOUI.A, BENGOUMI. D and EL MOUSTAINE R. (2013b). Study of physico quality . chemical and bacteriological groundwater of the plio- quaternary aquifer in the region of Meknes (Morocco).  Larhyss Journal, ISSN 1112-3680, No. 14, June 2013, pp. 21-36.
  11. Sadek Sanae, Benel Harkati Fatima, Zhor Fathallah, Dakir Zahra, and Belghyti Driss. Evaluation of the Total Coliforms Antibiotic Resistance Degree of Hospital Wastewater.  World Journal of Biology and Medical Sciences.  Volume 3, Issue- 2, 45-50, April to June, 2016
  12. POOLE NJ and HOBSON PN (1979).- Water pollution and its prevention . Microbial . Ecology . 226-245.
  13. WHO: World Health Organization. (1972) .- International standards for drinking water. 3oed, World Health Organization. Geneva.
  14. ARCHIBALD F. (2000) .- The presence of coliform bacteria in Canadian pulp and paper mill water systems - a cause for concern. Water Qual Res J. Canada; 35: 1-22.
  15. EDBERG SC, LECLERC H. & ROBERTSON J. (1997).  Microbial surface contamination and protection against microbial contamination. II indicators and monitoring parameters for parasites. Critical Reviews in Microbiology; 23: 179-206.
  16. GAUJOUS, D. (1995) .- Pollution of aquatic environments: Aide memoire. Lavoisier (2nd Edition), Technical Collection and Documentation. Paris (France), 220 p.
  17. GOODMAN RA, GREENBERG HB, MCKINLEY TE, AND SMITH JD (1982) - Norwalk gastroenteritis with water system in rural Georgia community. Archives of Environmental Health 37, p: 358-360.
  18. CASTANY G. (1997) .- Hydrogeology, principles and methods. Dunod , Paris, 236p.
  19. EL OUALI LALAMI A., EL-AKHAL F., BERRADA S., BENNANI L., RAISS N., S. MANIAR. (2014).Evaluation of the hygienic quality of well water and springs by the use of a principal component analysis (PCA): A case study of the Fez region (MOROCCO). J. Mater. About. Sci . 5 (S1) (2014) 2333-2344.
  20. BOUTIN C. (1987).- The water of the superficial water tables, a vital but vulnerable natural wealth. The example of rural areas of Morocco. Rev. Sc. Water, 6 (3): 357-365.
  21. AÏT BOUGHROUS, A. (2007) .- Biodiversity, ecology and groundwater quality of two arid regions of Morocco: the Tafilalet and the Marrakech region. National Thesis. Cadi Ayyad University , Fac. Sci .Semlalia Marrakech, 207p.
  22. EL HAISSOUFI, H., BERRADA S., MERZOUKI M., AABOUCH M., BENNANI L., BENLEMLIH M., IDIR M., ZANIBOU A., BENNIS Y., AND EL OUALI-LALAMI A. (2011) .- Pollution of well water in some districts of the city of Fez, Morocco. Rev. Microbiol . Ind . San and Environn . Vol 5, No. 1, p: 37-68.
  23. REGNAULT JP (1990) .- General microbiology. Microorganisms of water. Ed. Vigot . Paris. pp : 580-609.
  24. RODIER, J, LEGUBE, B. MERLET, N. AND COLL. (2009).- The analysis of water. Natural waters, sewage, sea water. Dunod , 9th ed., 1579 p.

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5.

Authors:

Ashutosh Kumar

Paper Title:

Impact of Commercial Banks on Financial Inclusion and Indian Economy

Abstract: The term financial inclusion means a comprehensive and holistic process of ensuring access to financial services and credit by vulnerable and marginalized group in the society. Inclusive growth means broad- based benefits to all section of people. The eleventh five year plan (2007-12) envisioned inclusive growth as a key objective. India’s Twelfth five year plan (2012-17) which its focus on faster inclusive and sustainable growth has put the growth debate in right perspective. Financial Inclusion growth is possible only through proper mechanism which channelizes all the resources to all the direction of the customers. it is an innovative concept which makes alternative techniques to promote the banking habits of the rural people. Because India is considered as largest rural populations in the world and belongs to agriculture activities, financial inclusion is aimed at providing banking and financial services to all people in a fair, transparent and equitable manner at affordable cost. Households with low income often lack access to bank account and have to spend time and money for multiple visits to avail the banking services, be it opening a savings bank account or availing a loan, these families find it more difficult to save and to plan financially for the future. This paper is an attempt to discuss the overview of financial inclusion in India.

Keywords: Financial Inclusion, Reserve Bank of India, Financial Institutions. Indian Economy.

References:

  1. Birla, A. (2016 vol 5 issue 4). Role of commercial banks in financial inclusion: a study in respect to Indian economy. International Journal of Science Technology & Managenent , 178-187.
  2. , M. (2009). Financial Inclusion, Poverty Reduction and the millennium Development Goals . European Journal of Development Research Vol 21 , 25-28.
  3. A.Tamilarasu. ( February 2014). Role of Banking Sectors on Financial Inclusion development in India – An Analysis. Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal vol. 2, issue 2 , 39-45.
  4. S.Nalini, Mr.K.Mariappan, “Role of Banks in Financial Inclusion” International journal’s Research Journal of Commerce and Behavioral Sciences Volume: 01, issue 04,pp. 33-36,February 2012.
  5. Massey, J. (2010). Role of Financial Institutions in Financial Inclusion. FICCI’s Banking & Finance Journal , 50-62.
  6. Rangarajan, D. C. (2008). OF THE. COMMITTEE. ON. FINANCIAL INCLUSION. India: Reserve Bank Of India .
  7. Reddy, D. Y. (2007). Financial Sector Policies for growth and employment. Bali, Indonesia: Reserve Bank of India at Bali, Indonesia on November 8, 2007.
  8. Reserve Bank of India (2006a), “Financial Inclusion and Millennium Development Goals”,
  9. Address by Usha Thorat, Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, January 16, available at http://www.rbi.org.in.
  10. Radhika Dixit and Munmun Ghosh, “Financial Inclusion for Inclusive Growth of India - A Study of Indian States” International Journal of Business Management & Research (IJBMR)Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 147-156 March 2013.
  11. Sakshi Sachdeva , Sourav Latawa And Pardeep Singh, “Role Of Public Sector Banks In Financial Inclusion ” Global Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume-4, Issue-6, pp164-173 ,May 2015
  12. Oya Pinar Ardic Maximilien Heimann Nataliya Mylenko. (2011). Access to Financial Services and the Financial Inclusion Agenda Around the World, The World Bank, pp 1-17.

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6.

Authors:

Evangeline Priscilla. B

Paper Title:

The Stigma of Copycat Suicide Phenomenon: Incorporate Mental Health into Freshman Orientation

Abstract: The word ‘Suicide’ derived from the Latin word Sui (of oneself) and cide or ciduim ( a Killing). There are many fields and disciplines involved with suicidology, the two primary ones being psychology and sociology. Every year about one million people commit suicide, which is a mortality rate of sixteen per one lakh or one death every forty seconds. NDTV report says by the survey on the suicide rates in India are highest in the 15- 29 age groups by the month of survey on June 2012. Suicide is largely preventable with the right actions, suicide awareness and a change in society’s view of suicide to make it more acceptable to talk about suicide. Suicidology studies not only successful suicide and attempted suicide but also partial self – destruction, suicidal ideation, Para suicide and self – destructive behaviours and attitudes. Suicidal ideation is when someone is having thoughts and showing gestures of suicide. For example, it could be as simple as someone saying that “ life is not worth living any more” or it can be extreme as “ I am going to kill myself by jumping off a bridge”. Para suicide is when someone causes deliberate harm to themselves. For example, if someone were to take an overdose of medicine and live. Self – destructive behaviours are anything that cause harm to oneself. This can be intentional or unintentional. Some examples are alcoholism, risky sports, some sexual disorders and eating disorders.

Keywords: Self- harm, mental illness, loss of a loved one, mental illness, grief, troubled teens, substance abuse, trauma, fear, family conflict, rape abuse guilt, heartache, addiction relapse, bipolar disorder, personality disorder, broken, confusion, fail, failing, failure, faith, fear, feeling, hurt, incomplete, verbal abuse, teen dating violence, seclusion, separation anxiety, sexual abuse, verbal abuse, alcoholism, etc.,

References:

  1. Daniel Castellanos, Simar Singh, Gabriel Thornton, Maria Avila and Ana Moreno (2011). Synthetic Cannabinoid use : A Case Series of Adolescence , Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 347 – 349.
  2. Maris, Berman, Silverman, Ronald, Alan and Mortan (2000). Comprehensive Text Book of Suicidology, Newyork, NY 10012: The Gilford Press. PP. 3 – 144.
  3. May, J. C. (2010). Why do people commit Suicide? Hands on Health South Carolina Retrieved from Http:// handsonhealth-sc.org/page.php?id=964 (2010, April 19).

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7.

Authors:

Richa Ankush Pathe, Anupama Sharma

Paper Title:

Identifying Local Area Development Indicators for an Indian City

Abstract: Urbanization can be defined as increase in the number of people that are living in the urban areas or a gradual rise in the proportion of people residing in the urban areas. It is an eventual process that happens in any of the developing countries. In developing country housing, physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, environmental aspects, economy and governance are the major areas to be worked upon to ensure development. Apart from the various programs, grants and schemes implemented at national and local level to cater the urban development issues related to physical development, there are many measurement tools at international and local levels to rank cities as per the physical amenities and facilities available to its residents to identify the cities needing urgent physical development. The paper intends to compare the physical development indicators of these measurement tools that have been developed to prepare ranking of cities as per the amenities and opportunities are available to its people, at local and international tier, to identify local area physical development indicators for Indian city.

Keywords: City, Indicators, Infrastructure, Local Area, Physical Development

References:

  1. adams,t.,bassett,e.m.,and whitten,r.(1929) “the radburn project: the planning and subdivision of land’,inadams,t.,bassett,e.m. and whitten,r.problems of planning unbuilt areas part i monograph 3 in committee on regional plan of new york and its environs (ed,) neighborhood and community planning, regional planning survey volume vii ( committee on regional plan of new york and its environs, new york)264-9
  2. bis – bureau of indian standards. (2016). smart city -indicators. smart cities sectional committee.
  3. Government of India: Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. 2005. “Guidelines on Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.” (November): 1–42.
  4. mariah vanzerr and sam seskin. (2011) recommendations memo #2 livability and quality of life indicators. least cost planning working group.
  5. (2016). mercer make tomorrow, today. retrieved 2017, from 2016 quality of living rankings: https://www.imercer.com/content/mobility/quality-ofliving- city-rankings.html
  6. Ministry of Urban Development. 2015. “India Smart City Profile: Chennai.” : 1–5.
  7. 2016. “Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Annual Report 2015-16.
  8. moud – ministry of urban development, india. (2015). standards for smart city - a measurement tool for cities in the smart city mission.
  9. 2015. “ministry of urban development, government of india. (2015). smart city: mission statement and guidelines.”
  10. MoHUA, InDIA“Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Goverment of India.” http://mohua.gov.in/index.php.
  11. (2011). compendium of oced well being indicators. oced.
  12. Perry, Clarence. 1929. “The Neighborhood Unit (1929).” The Regional Plan of New York and its Environs. http://www.sethspielman.org/courses/geog3612/readings/Perry.PDF.
  13. Planning Commission of India. 2007. II Eleventh Five Year Plan Planning Commission Government of India Planning Commission Government of India. http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/11th/11_v2/11th_vol2.pdf
  14. “The Constitution (74.” 1992.
  15. United Nations. 2018. “Wo r l d U r b a n i z at i o n Pro s p e c t S : The 2018 Revision.” Wo r l d U r b a n i z at i o n Pro s p e c t s : The 2018 Revision: 1–2.
  16. UNDESA, 2014 “2014 Revision of the World Urbanization Prospects _ Latest Major Publications - United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.” URDPFI Guidelines.
  17. “Municipal Corporation Budgets, 1992. What Is an Urban Local Government ?”: 74.

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