The Effect of COVID-19 Epidemic Pandemic and Preventive Measures in India: A Review
Chander Prabha1, Shweta Agarwal2, Anjuli Goel3
1Chander Prabha, Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India. 
2Shweta Agarwal, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India. 
3Anjuli Goel, Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India. 
Manuscript received on 12 July 2022 | Revised Manuscript received on 30 July 2022 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 August 2022 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2022 | PP: 14-18 | Volume-8 Issue-12, August 2022 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.L15060881222 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.L1506.0881222
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Abstract: Before the COVID-19 coronavirus, there were the deadliest diseases, various epidemics, and pandemics in which millions of human races have been killed untimely. It’s a new public health crisis that has been spreading across the world and is threatening. Due to coronavirus, there is a restriction on travel, visa, and large-scale quarantine. An epidemic is a widespread disease in one community at a particular tie whereas a pandemic is spread across continents at the same pace. The rate of infection and death increases is called a pandemic. In 1852 third Cholera in which approximately one million people across the world were killed. From 1889-to 1890 Flu was caused by the influenza virus H3N8 subtype in Russia and spread in North Hemisphere and killing about one million people. From 1910-to 1911 Sixth cholera outbreak in India and disseminated to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Russia, North Africa and killing about 8 lac people. In 1918 there was Spanish Flu affected over 500 million people and killed nearly the same people affected it. In 1957 Asian flu an avian influenza virus killed about 2 million people. In 1958 there was Hong Kong Flue originated in Asia, the pandemic was virus H3N2 subtype and suspected of an influenza outbreak in 1957, which killed about one million people. The vaccine was introduced. China is the epicenter of the global supply chain of COVID-19 spreading to more than 120 countries around the world in 2019. This virus is spreading faster than its ancestors i.e., SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV but has a lower fatality rate. The paper focuses on the coronavirus spread from its origin and various steps and precautions to be taken to limit the spread of this epidemic. However, the global impact of this COVID is yet uncertain. 
Keywords: COVID-19, Epidemic, Global Coronavirus, MERS-CoV, Pandemic, SARS-CoV, Wuhan.
Scope of the Article: Crisis Management