Interactive Methods of Teaching the Humanities in Higher Education Institutions
Marchenko Nataliia1, Vanovska Inna2
1Marchenko Nataliia*, Associate Professor, Department of Adult Education National Pedagogical Dragomanov University Kyiv, Ukraine.
2Vanovska Inna, Associate Professor, Department of Leading Researcher of Linguistic Research and Development, Military Institute of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.
Manuscript received on August 03, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 13, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 15, 2020. | PP: 53-57 | Volume-4 Issue-12, August 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.L10990841220 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.L1099.0841220
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The article analyzes modern methods of interactive teaching of humanities in higher education institutions. A characteristic feature of interactive learning is the constant, active interaction of all participants in the educational process (teacher – student, teacher – students, students – students). It focuses on the fact that student-centered learning requires teachers to use the latest methods, providing the maximum connection of theoretical information with its practical application, the development of professional skills by directly solving cases and problematic situations. Characteristic of modern higher education is the development of critical thinking of students using such methods as “Fish bone”, Bloom’s daisy, Bloom’s cube, Brainstorming, six hats of de Bono thinking and more. Interactive learning is based on a personal-activity approach that focuses on the use of both situational and nonsituational learning methods. Extremely important for professional activity and team work is the ability to express their own ideas and prove their viability. For this purpose, teachers of higher education institutions use such methods as debate, aquarium, PRES method, discussions, “Choose/change position”, etc. The creative component of education is an integral part of professional development. With this in mind, the article analyzes such forms of student work as writing essays, syncveins, diamonds, portfolios, etc. Interactive learning methods motivate participants in the learning process to learn, stimulate their independent thinking and decision-making, develop imagination and cognitive interest. These methods can create an educational environment in which theory and practice are acquired simultaneously, contributing to critical and logical thinking, the formation of personality.
Keywords: Interactive methods, educational process, professional knowledge, critical thinking, student-centrism.