Yamut-Bal Kingdom A Historical Study in the Political and Cultural Nature (1834 – 1763) B.C
Majid Mushir al-Khatawi
Dr. Majid Mushir al-Khatawi, Assistant Professor, College of Fine Arts and the University of Wasit, Kut, Iraq.
Manuscript received on July 06, 2017. | Revised Manuscript received on July 19, 2017. | Manuscript published on August 15, 2017. | PP: 1-12 | Volume-2 Issue-12, August 2017. | Retrieval Number: L01600821217
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Abstract: The city in Mesopotamia was the nucleus that all the social activities, Economic and military, actions were performed based on it and the cities ( Ur , Aridou, Laksh, Kish, Babilon and Ashur) were The capitals cities for kings and old emperors and also there are old cities that don’t exist at all in history, in some history books like (Dir , Laraak , Yamot – Baal and meshken Sabir) were some of the capitals or political or military cities, which played a political, economic and military role in old Iraq. The city (Yamout – Baal) is one of these important forgotten cities, which became a great country in eastern Mesopotamia, and ruled in the middle and south, and part of the country and in spite of the disagreement the research to follow the impact since the beginning of the second thousand BC. Although researchers and archeologists differed in determining the origin and meaning of the name of this city through a group of opinions However, we are suggest the opinion that the name of the city (Yamot – Baal) have two part , Yamot means ( the spirit of harvestation ), and Baal means the spirit (springs and groundwater ) ” As well as that all the tribes that ruled this region or near areas were called The names are approach to the same meaning, which grains (wheat and barley) and water, also the Aramaic tribes on the near cities such as the city of Dir (Beit Deria), meaning (Almazron) which is the land of barley or the fertile land, and these city became capitals after that , And the same meaning continued on this region to the Sasanian period, as they called the near areas (Yamot Baal) or within its borders (Jusan) (Gusan), which the land of barley or the land of the giving, which is today the city of Jassan. And the most nail writings identified place of the city of (Yamot-Baal) were similar in content, with their preaching that they were located within the settled cities of East Tigris and established a ruling dynasty in Larsa, The city was taken from the city of Dir as the capital of the king’s (Kodor-Mayok) and his children (Word-Sin) (Reem-Sin), that had a great political presence on the old Iraqi , and had embraced southern cities and governed them for more than 72 years, which since 1834 BC. King of Amorite (Kodor-Mapuk) until they were dropped by Hammurabi in 1763 BC.
Keywords: Ur, Aridou, Laksh, Kish, Babilon and Ashur.