Urban Poverty and Vulnerability: Literature and Perspective
Dr. Shilpa Deo*, Assistant Professor, School of Management (UG) MIT – WPU S. No. 124, Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune (Maharashtra), India.
Manuscript received on on April 29, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on May 06, 2021. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2021. | PP: 12-18 | Volume-5 Issue-9, May 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.I1323055921 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.I1323.055921
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The Government of India has been taking various steps towards identification of the poor (and vulnerable through the Socio Economic Caste Census) and measurement of poverty with the help of various Expert Groups right from the Task Force that was set up in 1962 to the Task Force on Poverty Elimination of the NITI Aayog. There have been many researchers as well who have been suggesting the ways in which the poor and vulnerable can be identified and poverty can be measured besides the suggestions given by the Expert Groups. However, it may be considered as a ‘national shame’ if we are unable to identify the needy even after 75 years of independence. Through the review of around 100 books, research papers and articles, an attempt has been to understand the strengths and shortcomings of suggested ways to identify the poor and vulnerable and suggest a comprehensive methodology to identify the needy. Unless we are able to identify the poor and vulnerable sections of society correctly, planning and implementing poverty alleviation programmes for “ending poverty in all its forms everywhere”1 would be a futile exercise.
Keywords: Urban Poverty, Vulnerability, Methodology of identification of Needy, Pavement Dwellers.