Mitigation and Adaptation of Community using AHP in Earthquake Disaster-Prone Areas in Pagar Alam City – Indonesia
Aulia Asman1, Eri Barlian2, Dedi Hermon3, Indang Dewata4, Iswandi Umar5
1Aulia Asman*, Program of Diploma III Nursing and doctoral program of environmental science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
2Eri Barlian, Department of doctoral program of environmental science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
3Dedi Hermon, Department of geography and doctoral program of environmental science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
4Indang Dewata, Department of doctoral program of environmental science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
5Iswandi Umar, Department of geography and doctoral program of environmental science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on April 29, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 09, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2020. | PP: 34-38 | Volume-4, Issue-9, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: I0851054920/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.I0851.054920
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study aims to formulate the mitigation and adaptation of community in Pagar Alam City using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) techniques. The analysis result shows determining mitigation, physical, educational, and socio-economic use is used as a criterion with 8 alternative policies, i.e a) Participatory mapping to determine the hazards and risks of disasters; b) Increasing public awareness of volcanic earthquake disasters and their mitigation; c) Increasing coordination of related agencies; d) reviving wisdom local; e) building communication networks in the community; f) developing sister village programs; g) managing and structuring disaster-prone areas to reduce the threat of disasters, and h) programs to improve community preparedness in disaster management. Furthermore, adaptation has 3 criteria, physical, social, cultural and economic. Alternative as well as a priority in the implementation of successive volcanic earthquake adaptation, i.e a) changes in house construction to be earthquake resistant as a form of adaptation to earthquake disasters; b) Making youth as a driving factor in disaster risk reduction and increasing regional resilience; c) Application of local wisdom in daily life days; d) Building a culture of safety and resilience by using knowledge of innovation and education; e) evacuation routes are accompanied by signs and preparing basic needs; f) doing alternative work to meet financial needs; g) locating new homes closer to the main road, and h) separation of protected areas and clear cultivation areas.
Keywords: Disaster-prone, earthquake, mitigation, pagar alam.