The Effect of Graphic Organizer (KWL Chart) on Young Learners’ Reading Comprehension in an ESL Setting
Parveen Nair A/L Sridharan1, Nur Ehsan Mohd Said2
1Parveen Nair*, Sekolah Kebangsaan Seri Anggerik, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia. Email:
2Nur Ehsan Mohd Said, Faculty of Education, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.. Email:
Manuscript received on April 11, 2020. | Revised Manuscript Received on April 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 15, 2020. | PP: 43-53 | Volume-4 Issue-8, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: H0768044820//2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.H0768.044820

Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite
© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: KWL is a pre-reading strategy used to improve reading comprehension. This paper aims to discover the effectiveness of the Know-Want-Learn (KWL) strategy in improving year-4 pupils’ reading comprehension is one of the elements assessed in the UPSR Examination in Malaysia. This study reports quasi-experimental research on the use of a KWL chart (graphic organizer) on year 4 pupils’ reading comprehension in an ESL setting. Thirty pupils were chosen using purposive sampling in a primary school at Kuala Lumpur. The test was conducted with 30 ESL pupils of the same age group. A pretest of reading comprehension was then administered to evaluate the participants’ comprehension skills. The Quasi-experimental research design used to carry out this study. Participants were separated into two different groups: an experimental group and a control group. The participants of the experimental group used the KWL Chart to answer comprehension questions; the control group received the conventional method of teaching to answer reading comprehension questions. At last, all the participants answered a post-test on reading comprehension. This innovative strategy can be used to develop pupils’ reading comprehension not only for pupils in year-4 but also for pupils at other levels.
Keywords: Know-Want-Learn (KWL),Reading Comprehension, ESL learners, and Graphic organizer.