Policy Directions for Social Control of Street Crimes in Padang City – Indonesia
Erianjoni1, Dedi Hermon2
1Dr. Erianjoni, M.Si*, Asosiasi profesor of sociologi education in Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia.
2Prof. Dr. Dedi Hermon, Profesor of disaster geography in Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on February 18, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on March 30, 2021. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2021. | PP: 106-111 | Volume-5 Issue-7, March 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.F1244025621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.F1244.035721
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The problem of Street crimes has become an urgent problem in Padang City in the last 2 years, it was recorded that in 2019 there were 1116 cases and 31 cases during January 2020. referring to this data that Padang City, West Sumatra Province is an unsafe city for its citizens both during the day and at night. In reality, a solution is needed to suppress these crimes through a system or appropriate preventive social control mechanism, so that it does not rely on police actions that tend to be coercive or repressive, so that it will not solve the problem. This research was conducted with qualitative research with the type of case studies in Padang City, data collection using questionnaires, in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation study, data were analyzed using interactive analysis models, also using the Integrated System Model (ISM). The research results showed that the form of Street crimes was carried out individually and in groups, the causes of Street crimes occurred due to internal and external factors, and the policy of Street crimes social control policies, i.e the making of policies and regulations, then the effectiveness of social control, increased public participation, consistency in law enforcement, and social education for unemployed youth has become a more important policy than any other policy.
Keywords: Street crimes, social control, policy direction, padang city.