The Alteration in Jamba and Pinumkopi on Prophet Muhammad SAW Maulid Ceremony in Pariaman – Indonesia
Jupriani1, Mukhaiyar2, Agusti Efi3 

1Jupriani*, Doctoral Student of Education Sciences, and Lecturer of Department of Fine Arts, Universitas Negeri Padang – Indonesia.
2Mukhaiyar, Senior lecturers/professors of Education Sciences, Universitas Negeri Padang – Indonesia.
3Agusti Efi, Senior lecturers/professors of Education Sciences, Universitas Negeri Padang – Indonesia.
Manuscript received on February 17, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on March 30, 2021. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2021. | PP: 101-105 | Volume-5 Issue-7, March 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijmh.F1243025621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijmh.F1243.035721
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Abstract: The birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW is one of the religious and cultural ceremonies carried out by the people of West Sumatra, precisely in Padang Pariaman. The MaulidPariaman ceremony is performed in a unique tradition by using cultural attributes that are only found in that area. This Maulid ritual is usually performed exactly in the months of Rabiul Awal, Rabiul Akhir, and Jumadil Awal (Arabic Calendar) or Mauluik, Adiakmauluik, Adiak MauluikK aduo (Pariaman Calendar). This research is a qualitative study using interview data as informants. Data processing uses descriptive qualitative data analysis techniques. The results of this study found that there are changes in the jamba and pinumkopi performed at Pariaman. A very revolutionary change occurred in jamba and pinumkopi. The alteration occurs in a modern way. The conclusion of this study shows that the changes that occur in jamba and pinumkopi in Pariaman do not change function and meaning. However, Change occurs because there is social change.
Keywords: Alteration, culture, ceremony, mauled, Pariaman