Globalization, Labour Law Reforms and the Trade Unionism in India
Brajesh Kumar Parashar 
Brajesh Kumar Parashar, Research Scholar, CRIM, Barkatullaha University Bhopal. Junior Works Manager since Ordnance Factory organization, O.F. Khamaria, Jabalpur. (M.P). India.
Manuscript received on January 19, 2016. | Revised Manuscript received on January 22, 2016. | Manuscript published on February 15, 2016. | PP: 1-6 | Volume-2 Issue-3, February 2016. | Retrieval Number: C0105022316
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Abstract: Trade Union is an outcome of the factory working culture and they are important group of actors of today’s industrialized globe. Orthodox trade unions are an instrument of defense against exploitation and provide a forum for collecting the forces of the working class. The basic objective of a trade union activity is to protect and encourage the economic, social, political and professional interests of its members. Trade unions have emerged due to group psychology, social psychological environment rather than economical reasons. Fundamentally, trade unions have designed to eliminate the exploitation of the workers through workers’ participation in management (WPM) and by the action of Collective Bargaining. Trade unions are the bulwark of democracy. The trade union is the extension of the principle of democracy in the field of industry. Hence, they are trying to transform industrial autocracy to democracy. Nevertheless, the trade unions are acting as the pressure group, the protector, the counselor, the third party, the coach, and keep a close eye on the environment in which their members continue to exist, develop and grow. The most important effects of globalization include labor market flexibility, increasing labor migration, the rise of atypical employment forms, as well as changes in work content and working environment on the organizational level. At the same time, globalization brings about greater job skills mismatches and the need to promote lifetime learning and multi-skilling. The main concern of trade unions in this globalized world is due to downsizing, outsourcing, increasing workload, preference of casual labour, job losses and insecurity of employment, growing unemployment, uncertain growth of unorganized informal sectors and unorganized labour, and deterioration of social network.
Keywords: Industrial Relations, Collective Bargaining, Trade Union, Workers’ Participation in Management, Labour, Globalization, Laboue law reforms.