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Volume-2 Issue-12, August 2017, ISSN: 2394-0913 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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1.

Authors:

Majid Mushir al-Khatawi

Paper Title:

Yamut-Bal Kingdom A Historical Study in the Political and Cultural Nature (1834 – 1763) B.C

Abstract:  The city in Mesopotamia was the nucleus that all the social activities, Economic and military, actions were performed based on it and the cities ( Ur , Aridou, Laksh, Kish, Babilon and Ashur) were The capitals cities for kings and old emperors and also there are old cities that don’t exist at all in history, in some history books like (Dir , Laraak , Yamot - Baal and meshken Sabir) were some of  the capitals or political or military cities, which played a political, economic and military role in old Iraq. The city ( Yamout – Baal ) is one of these important forgotten cities, which became a great country in eastern Mesopotamia, and ruled in the middle and south, and part of the country and in spite of the disagreement the research to follow the impact since the beginning of the second thousand BC.Although researchers and archeologists differed in determining the origin and meaning of the name of this city through a group of opinions However, we are suggest the opinion that the name of the city (Yamot - Baal) have two part , Yamot means ( the spirit of harvestation ), and Baal means the spirit (springs and groundwater ) "As well as that all the tribes that ruled this region or near areas were called The names are approach to the same meaning, which grains (wheat and barley) and water, also the Aramaic tribes on the near cities such as the city of Dir (Beit Deria), meaning (Almazron) which is the land of barley or the fertile land, and these city became capitals after that , And the same meaning continued on this region to the Sasanian period, as they called the near areas (Yamot Baal) or within its borders (Jusan) (Gusan), which the land of barley or the land of the giving, which is today the city of Jassan. And the most nail writings identified place of the city of (Yamot-Baal) were similar in content, with their preaching that they were located within the settled cities of East Tigris and established a ruling dynasty in Larsa, The city was taken from the city of Dir as the capital of the king's (Kodor-Mayok) and his children (Word-Sin) (Reem-Sin), that had a great political presence on the old Iraqi , and had embraced southern cities and governed them for more than 72 years, which since 1834 BC. King of Amorite (Kodor-Mapuk) until they were dropped by Hammurabi in 1763 BC.

Keywords:
 Ur , Aridou, Laksh, Kish, Babilon and Ashur


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2.       Ahmed Majid Hamid, cuneiform texts from the old Babylonian era in the Iraqi Museum (Tel Seeb, Dam Hamrin Dam), unpublished doctoral thesis, submitted to the Council of the Faculty of Arts, University of Baghdad.
3.       Antoine Mortakat, History of the Ancient Near East, translated by: Tawfiq Salman, Lam, Damascus, 1967.
4.       Jalal Salman Al-Jassani, Abbas Idan al-Jassani, from the puffs of the past to the city of Jassan Dar al-Mortada printing, Wasit, in 2008.
5.       George Rowe, Old Iraq, Turmina: Hussein Alwan Hussein, Freedom House for Printing, Baghdad, 1984.
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50.    Kupper, J.R., "Nouvelles letters de Mair Relatives A Hammurabi de Babylone" RA, Vol. 42, (1948).
51.    Ebeling, E. and Meissner, B. Reallexikon der Assyriologie, RLA Berlin and Lepzig, 1928.
52.    George, A,R., House most High the temples of Ancient  Mesopotamia , (Indiana, 1993).
53.    Leemans .W.,Foreing Trade in the old Babyloing Period, Leiden , 1960.
54.    Macqueen, J,G, Babylon, London, 1964.
55.    Mercer, S, A., Sumero - Babylonian year formulae , ( London , 1954)
56.    Oppenheim, A.L., Letter From Mesopotamia, (Chicago, 1967).
57.    Robert, J,M., The Earliest Semitic pantheon, London, 1972.
58.    Sigrist, M., &Peter, D., Mesopotamian year Names, (Berlin, 2001) .
59.    Stephens, F, J., Votive and Historical texts from Babylon and  Assyria,  In,YOS, (9) , (New Haven , 1937).
60.    Stol, M. Studies in Old Babylonian History, (1976).
61.    Van de , Mieroop , M , A History of the Ancient Near East ,3000-323 B.C , 81 , 1987.
62.    W., & Simpson, W., The Ancient Near East A History ,New-York 1971.
63.    Yoffee, N.,On Studying old Babylonian History are view Article, In, JCS,  (30/1),  1978.
64.    Beitzel, B, J., “ Išme Dagan military Action ”, In, Iraq, (46), 1984.
65.    Kupper, J.R., "Nouvelles letters de Mair Relatives A Hammurabi de Babylone" RA, Vol. 42, (1948).

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2.

Authors:

 Akeem Olanrewaju Ajani, Oluyemi Adekanmbi, Popoola Mufutau Akanmu

Paper Title:

Influence of Entrepreneurship Practices on Small and Medium Enterprises Development (A Case Study of Selected SMEs in Lagos)

Abstract: The study examined “the influence of entrepreneurship practice on small and medium enterprises development, a case study of selected SMEs in Lagos. The study reviewed the contribution and performance of SMEs to the economic development of a nation that also depends on various entrepreneurship practices. Both primary and secondary data collection techniques were employed and Chi-Square method was used to analysis the data. The findings showed that, despite the enormous resources that are abound in the country; the SMEs sector has not played the significant role in Nigeria economy. It is recommended that government should as a matter of urgency assist prospective entrepreneurs to have access to finance and necessary information relating to their business opportunities, modern technology, raw material, market, plant and machinery which would enable them to reduce their operating cost and be more efficient to meet the market competition.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship practice, SMEs, Development, and Performance.

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