Abstract: The main purpose of this study is investigation of relationships of the personality (temperament & character) factors with succesfull weight maintenance. Temperament and character was measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Four group of subjects as “successfull obeses”, “unsuccesfull obeses”, “obeses who does not look for professional help” and “normal controls” -32 subjects for each, and 128 for total- were used. The obeses who lost at least 10% of their initial weight and who were succesfully maintained 10% less weight for one year were assigned to the group “succesfull obeses” and the obeses who couldn’t maintained weight loss were assigned to the group “unsuccesfull obeses”. These two groups were choosen from patients of a private clinic and other two group from general population. One way variance analysis indicated that “succesfull obeses” differed significantly with higher mean scores on Self Directedness (TCI), and Cooperativeness (TCI) character subscales than “obeses who does not look for professional help”. Results also pointed out that “normal controls” differed significantly by having lower Harm Avoidance (TCI) temperament subscale mean scores than “unsuccesfull obeses” and “obeses who does not look for professional help”.
Keywords: Weight-loss success; Obesity; Personality; Temperament; Character, healthy weight maintenance
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Abstract: Reducing wasteful or non-value processes is one of the most important concerns in an organization. The organization, which approaches to reduce its wasteful processes, will achieve business improvement and satisfied customer and boosts its profit. To reach this goal organizations use various quality improvement methods such as Lean Management, ISO 9000 Series, Total Quality Management, Six Sigam and etc. Base on the situations companies often use more than one method simultaneously to increase the effectively of those models and to benefit their advantages. Organization which knows how various Quality improvement methods should be integrated can profit more and increase the affectivity of those methods. Although, there are some studies, which are investigated the possible integration between two models like Six Sigma and Lean Management, however, there is not clear how to integrate and optimize various quality and management methods to reduce wasteful or non-value activities. We propose an integrated method for some quality and management methods such as Total Quality Management, Lean Management, ISO 9000 Series, Six Sigma and EFQM Excellence Model, which could be used by organization to improve its quality, reduce wasteful processes and optimize quality improvement methods.
Keywords: Integration System, Lean Management, Quality Improvement Methods, Total Quality Management
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